Johann Tzavaras

Das menschliche Selbst als reine Selbstaffektion:

der kantische Zeitbegriff in der heideggerschen Interpretation



Hinter der kantischen Bestimmung der Zeit, sie sei die Form des inneren Sinnes (KrV A33 / B 49), der hermeneutische Blick Heideggers sieht einen Hinweis auf das menschliche Selbst als reine Selbstaffektion; dies werde deutlich, wenn Kant behauptet, daß “wir innerlich von uns selbst affiziert werden” (KrV B 156). Die vorliegende Arbeit konzentriert sich auf zwei hermeneutische Bestimmungen der kantischen Zeit: a) als universalen “Horizont” (Woraufhin) der Intentionalität, b) als reine Selbstaffektion, aber auch weiter auf den Zusammenhang der Zeit mit den Analogien der Erfahrung und der Schematisierung der reinen Verstandesbegriffe. Die hier gestellte zentrale Frage, ob Heidegger das eigentlich Gesuchte bei Kant findet, d.h. eine ursprüngliche Einheit des menschlichen Selbst mit dem Sein überhaupt innerhalb des Zeithorizontes, wird aber letztlich negativ beantwortet.




Kostas Lampos

"Individual ownership as a cause of violence, power, inegality, crime, obscurantism and immorality"


Individual ownership over the means of production, which breaks societies into competing classes, nations and international militarist coalitions, is only a relatively recent and small chapter in human history. Nevertheless this has not prevented individual property from becoming a Pandora's box, and the source of all the suffering of humanity that revolve around the economic and social inequality that cause violence, power, crime, obscurantism and immorality. But individual property cannot be a right over the right to life and freedom, and capitalism cannot be the "fate" of mankind, as the "prophets" of liberalism and the "preachers" of neoliberalism claim, because the laws of movement and evolution of societies and of mankind as a whole lead slowly but firmly towards communitarianism, direct democracy and a classless society. This cluster of questions, issues and problems I seek to place at the center of the public debate with my recent book, "The Birth and Death of Private Ownership" (in Greek), published by KOUKKIDA publications, in the hope that the obscurantist and the ruling hierarchy will not again impose their guilty silence in the forces of Labor, Science and Culture.




Ioannis Karatzanis

"Space and Time"


This is a chapter of ''De Natura'', an unedited and unpublished book. It includes a presentation and critical analysis of the historical evolution and development of ideas about space, time and motion from antiquity to our age and their relations –if any– with other concepts such as mass, gravity, electromagnetism etc. It comprises also a guided history of the views of important thought leaders in the field, including the works of Heraclitus, Zenon, Democritus, Protagoras, Plato, Aristotle, Simplicius, Philoponus, Newton and Kant. A special emphasis is placed on understanding Einstein’s work on space and time in relation to the corpus of philosophical texts on the matter. Finally, the author attempts to give more solid and specific definitions of these rather vague –until now, at least– concepts that may facilitate our understanding in science and philosophy. There is also an extensive contemplation upon the importance of clear and accurate definitions in general in science and philosophy.




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